Project 2: Nanosensor for early detection of Ganoderma Boninense and soil quality for control of the related disease
Ganoderma boninense causes both basal stem rot (BSR) and upper stem rot (USR). The diseases remain South East Asia’s most devastating oil palm diseases with direct loss of the stand, reduced yield and the resultant requirement for earlier replanting. Once infected young palms will usually die within 1 or 2 years, while mature trees may survive for slightly longer. Although it has been clearly identified as the main cause of the disease in oil palms, strategies for the early detection and control of G. boninense are still immature. This project proposes to provide a possible solution through the use of nanotechnology for the effective and efficient detection and control of the pathogen.
Nanosensors could help in detection of G. boninense and the efficient use of nutrients and chemicals through precision farming. Through the use of nanomaterials and internet of things, farm managers could remotely detect plant pathogen. Once pathogen is detected, there would be automatic adjustment of pesticide or fertilizers application.
Prof. Dr Nor Azah Yusof
We will focus on study of specific markers for detection of G. boninense based on secondary metabolites, elicitors and protein express upon infection. The interaction of the biomarker with different transducer (optical/electrochemical) will be optimized for the best signal transduction. Then the focus will be on the usage of nanomaterial (graphene) in development of smart detection system (device embedded in tree roots, soil and trunk) based on the best transduction system.
|Prof. Dr. Khozirah Shaari|
|Prof. Datin Dr. Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah|
|Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd. Nizar Hamidon|
|Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zurina Zainal Abidin|
|Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wong Mui Yun|
|Dr. Nor Azowa Ibrahim|
|Dr. Jaafar Abdullah|
|Dr. Mohammad Amran Mohd Salleh|
|Dr. Nurulhaidah Daud|
|Nor Humaira Bt Md Salleh|
|Prof Mehmet Ertugrul|
Department of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering