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Project 3

Project3: Chemical conversion of CO2 to value-added products over nanomaterials

Amongst greenhouse gases (GHGs), CO2 is the main contributor to global warming. The strong liberation and accumulation of CO2 in our planet was caused by the energy supply industry, transportation sector and manufacturing industry. In the recent United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009 – 15th Conference of Parties (COP15), the Malaysia’s Prime Minister announced the country commitment to voluntary reduction of carbon up to 40% in terms of emissions intensity of GDP by the year 2020 compared to 2005 levels. Driven by the aim of reducing the atmospheric CO2 concentration, chemical conversion of CO2 via hydrogenation into value-added chemicals and fuels is very attractive and has been recognized as one of the most effective and economical ways to offer a solution of greenhouse gas mitigation and alternative energy source.


Prof. Dr. Abdul Rahman Mohamed
School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus,
Universiti Sains Malaysia,
Seri Ampangan, Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang

The current research project focused on the fundamental study of this chemical conversion of CO2 via hydrogenation technology to find the potential application in valuable chemicals production and global warming mitigation. To make use of this technology efficiently, much interest has been directed toward to the development of nanomaterials as catalysts. A tailor-made nanocatalyst with desired characteristics and properties will be synthesized by understanding fundamental theories and mechanism of CO2 hydrogenation. A depth research on CO2 hydrogenation testing over novel nanomaterials will be studied in a high pressure continuous flow microreactor to produce valuable chemicals and fuels economically. Further insight into the selective control of CO2 conversion products will be studied to understand the role of nanocatalyst in CO2 hydrogenation process. This research project has prospect to become cost-effective and environmental friendly process for value-added chemicals and fuels generation, alternative green technology for energy generation and eventually maximizing the benefit of low carbon economy development.


  • To understand the fundamental theories and hydrogenation mechanism for chemical conversion of CO2 using nanomaterials .
  • To design and tailor-made catalytic-nanomaterials with desired characteristics and properties for effective chemical conversion of CO2 via both experimental and molecular simulation approaches.
  • To develop high efficiency and green hydrogenation processes for CO2 chemical conversion towards the production of value-added chemicals and fuels. 

Expected Output

  1. The project will resolve many fundamental knowledge gaps on CO2 chemical conversion over nanomaterials.
  2. A new nanocatalyst system that has high novelty with excellent properties and activity on chemical conversion of CO2
  3. The completion of this project will give a new solution path towards CO2 reduction by fully developed green CO2 hydrogenation process for alternative green technology for production of value-added chemicals and fuels for chemical industry or power generation in Malaysia.


Prof. Dr. Ahmad Zuhairi Abdullah  
School of Chemical Engineering, USM
 Dr. Chai Siang Piao 
School of Chemical Engineering, Monash University
 Dr. Nurul Aini Mohamad Razali
Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, UMP


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