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Project 1

Project 1: Novel Polymeric Photoactivated Nanomaterials for CO2 Photoreduction with CH4 to Renewable Hydrocarbon Fuels

Solar conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to renewable hydrocarbon fuels offers a solution to greenhouse gas mitigation and alternative energy source. This research focuses on mitigation of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4), instead of sequestration, and will be reused as a carbon source for the production of renewable hydrocarbon fuels for alternative energy supply. In this proposal, novel polymeric photo-activated nano-materials with tunable size and shape supported over structured photo-reactor for conversion of CO2 and CH4 is presented. The nano-materials employed will be graphitic carbon nitride coupled with novel polymer and modified with metals such as silver and gold. The graphitic carbon nitride has been demonstrated to function both as a capture/activation substrate of CO2 and CH4 and a photo-catalyst, while the introduced noble metal/novel polymer species act as reductive and oxidative promoters under solar energy to accelerate charge-carrier separation and transfer kinetics. The photo-conversion of CO2 and CH4 over novel nano-materials using micro-channel monolith photo-reactor is the new innovation employed to produce renewable hydrocarbon fuels economically. The Langmuir- Hinshelwood based kinetic models would be developed to investigate the role of catalysts for the selective production of hydrocarbon fuels. This research will provide an important step forward for artificial photochemical CO2 splitting with cheap and all-sustainable systems. This will contribute to the development of an efficient photo-technology for carbon management applications. Ultimately, the technology developed has prospect to be used as a portable energy producer for solar fuel applications.


Prof Dr NorAishah Saidina Amin
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor

Chemical Engineering


  • To design novel photoactivated nanomaterials with tunable size and shape for effective photoconversion of CO2 and CH4 to hydrocarbon fuels. 
  • To investigate mechanistic details of the photoconversion reaction for hydrocarbon fuel production.
  • To study selective CO2 and CH4 photoconversion using nanomaterials. 
  • To propose rate model useful for nanocatalytic reaction for photocatalytic conversion of CO2 and CH4.
  • To optimize the process parameters for maximizing the conversions of CO2 and CH4 using nanomaterials. 

 Expected Outcome

  • Novel photoactivated nanomaterials for sustainable developments
  • New photocatalytic reactor for investigating the route of CO2 conversion to green fuels
  • New methods and findings on synthesis of new polymeric material, modified nanomaterials and and sensitized polymeric  photocatalysts 
  • Novel photocatalyst for photocatalytic CO2 reduction to hydrocarbon fuels
  • New developemnt in reaction rate models and kinetic models
  • Enviromental friendly nanomaterials and polymeric nanocomposites for hydrocarbon fuels production, and phototechnology applications. 
  • Sustainable  fuels such as methanol, methane and C2-C3 hydrocarbons to replace petroleum based fossil fuels
  • Potential applications in petroleum industry, biofuel production industry and solar fuel production applications.


Ramli bin Mat
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor 
 Zaki Yamani bin Zakari
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor 
 Dr Muhammad Tahir
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor

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