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Project 1

Project 1: Solid-oxide Fuel Cells for Power Industry

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), which rely on oxygen transport across a fast ion conducting metal oxide membrane typically operate at high temperatures (600–900oC). High temperature operation makes available a wider range of catalyst materials and avoids catalyst poisoning, but has significant processing challenges associated with it. Several approaches to reduce operating temperatures down to 600-700oC are being explored actively including reduction in electrolyte layer thicknesses that can reduce Ohmic resistance and improve cell performance. A basic research will be conducted on micro-scale SOFC device that is capable of operating in the 200-300oC range to produce electric power for portable applications using natural gas and hydrocarbon-based fuels. Materials science studies on electrolytes and electrode materials that can lead to high performance fuel cells will be conducted. Anticipated results include advancing inexpensive and reliable electricity sources for distributed energy generation in remote areas.

 

Prof. Dr. Mohd Yussof Wahab
UTM RAZAK School of Engineering and Advanced Technology


Quantum Physics, Nanomaterials, Nanodevices

Objectives

  • To understand high temperature coarsening modes of porous metal electrodes that are with and without oxide ceramic composite mixtures.
  • To establish a detailed structural and electrical studies after operation of fuel cell electrodes at 400-600 degC range and accelerated testing studies that will allow us to study kinetics of material degradation.
  • To investigate boundary pinning approaches or second phase nucleation through interfacial reactions during simulated operating conditions

Anticipated Results

  • Demonstration of micro-scale all-oxide fuel cell that can operate in 300-600 ºC temperature range in hydrocarbon fuels
  • Development of  rare earth free inexpensive oxide electrodes that would enable high performance and robustness
  • Investigation into mechanisms influencing stability of electrodes under realistic operating conditions

Researchers

 
Prof. Dr Zulkafli Othaman
Institut Ibnu Sina, UTM
Nanomaterials and Nanodevices
Prof. Dr. Abdul Kariem Mohd Arof
Dept . of Physics, Universiti Malaya
Solid state Ionics (Ionic conductors, polymer electrolytes, batteries, solar cells, fuel cells, supercapacitors)
Dr. Rosnita Muhammad
Faculty of Science, UTM
Nanomaterials, Epitaxial growth, Nanostructure, Thin Films, Material Science
Prof. Dr Samsudi Sakrani
Faculty of Science, UTM
Nanomaterials, Nanodevices, Nanofilms, Nanofabrication (PECVD, MOCVD, Chemical, etc), Nanofilms, Thin Films
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zuhairi Ibrahim
Faculty of Sciences, UTM
Nanomaterials, Ceramics
Dr. Khatijah Aisha Yakob
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Sains Bahan, USM
Semiconductor Materials, Fabrication and Devices, Nanoparticles Thin Film
  
Assoc. Prof. Dr Fauzi Othman
MJIIT, UTM
Artificial Intelligence, Soft Computing, Intelligent Control System, Power System Stability, Fault Detection and Accommdation
  

 

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