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Project 2

Project 2: Carbon based Ultra-conductor

Communication and semiconductor technology had gone to new phase, where some of the devices and systems can work in terahertz frequency and pico-ampere signal. Most of the current transmission lines are based on gold, copper and aluminum alloy which cannot give a good path for the signal to pass through which it would get lost due to the resistance and noise generated by the lines. Some alternative technologies include superconductor tapes, polymer film growth, polymer encapsulation of nanomaterial, and powder-in-tube superconductors, which can offer no-loss DC power transmission with nearly zero resistance. The problems with these technologies are high cost, brittleness, more difficult to form, subjected to both critical current and magnetic quench and require continuous cryogenic cooling. Therefore the need to a new electrical conductor which has conductivity much greater than that of common metallic conductors, cost effective, better tensile strength than steel, easily formed and should not be subjected to current density, magnetic field or temperature quench are very important.


Assoc Prof Dr Mohd Nizar Hamidon
Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang

Carbon based material offer a possible means of meeting the aforementioned needs, where they have better tensile strength, thermal conductivity, density and electrical as compared to some metals. However, in order to make practical use of these properties, a number of challenges must be met, including not only make these materials in large quantities, but also aligning, embedding, and for safety reasons, enclosing or encapsulating the carbon based material in a protective layer or membrane. Experimental work to synthesis the carbon based material and it combination with metal structures will be studied and characterized, together with the electrical and mechanical stress test. At the end a novel method of manufacturing carbon based material and simultaneously embedding them to/on a metallic matrix, to form a carbon based composite material, known as an “ultra-conductor” are developed.


  • To synthesis a carbon based material on conductor such as Al, Au and Pt
  • To develop and fabricate ultra-conductor carbon based on several substrate.
  • To model the conductivity of the ultra-conductor
  • To investigate the robustness of ultra-conductor.

 Expected Outcome

  • The synthesis of the CNT and graphene.
  • The fabrication of the ultra-conductor.
  • New material for electrical and electronic applications
  • The ultraconductors of the project have a number of applications, including but not limited to use in use in micro- and nanos-electronic and communication structures for terahertz- and millimeterwave applications. It also can be implemented in electrical power industry such as high-voltage cables used to transmit power to homes and businesses which the the tensile strength of copper or aluminum conductors are insufficient.



Dr Nurul Amziah Binti Md Yunus
Engineering Faculty,
Universiti Putra Malaysia
 Assoc prof Dr Roslina Mohd Sidek
Engineering Faculty,
Universiti Putra Malaysia
 Dr Haslina Binti Jaafar
Engineering Faculty,
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Prof Dr Abdul Halim Shaari
Science Faculty,
Universiti Putra Malaysia
 Dr Jumril Yunas
IMEN, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Intan Helina Hasan
ITMA, Universiti Putra



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